Back to Basics- Changing a tire!

Hi Everyone, 

 We’ve talked a lot about preparation for vehicle mishaps, such as switching to winter tires, ensuring your full lights are on, and even car safety kits! These are all important steps to take before braving the Muskoka Winter Roads, but, lets get back to the basics! Did you know, in North America, the majority of teen drivers don't know how to change a tire? A study recently preformed by Michelin and the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile found that among teens 15-17 years of age, 44% don't know how to examine the tire tread depth and 32% don't know how to check tire pressure. Let’s take a quick moment to make sure we’re all up to date with this handy skill! 


“Pop!”— Uh oh! Your vehicle needs a new tire. Heres what to do:

1. Pull over safely- Pull as far over onto the shoulder of the road as possible, ensuring that you are not parked directly after a turn, corner, or hill (all approaching vehicles should be able to see you before approaching). Also, choose a flat spot; jacking up your car on a hill can be a very difficult. If you have a manual transmission, leave your car in gear. Be sure to set your parking brake, and turn on your hazard lights. 

You will need:

-A vehicle jack

-A wrench

-A spare tire (often on the underbelly of the vehicle or attached to the trunk’s exterior).


2. Using your wrench, loosen the lug nuts by turning the wrench in a counter clockwise direction— You may need to remove the hubcap. Do not remove the nuts at this point, just loosen them! 

3. Carefully use the jack to lift the vehicle off the ground- Different car models may have different places to put the jack; consult your owner's manual for specific locations. Once the jack is securely in the correct spot, jack up the car until the tire is about 6 inches off the ground.

4. Remove the lug nuts and pull the tire off the car- Pull the tire straight forward towards yourself to remove it from the wheel well. 

5. Place the spare on the car- Line up the lug nut posts with the holes in the spare, and push the spare all the way onto the wheel base until it can't go any farther. Lightly re-attach the nuts, not tightened all the way yet!

6. Lower the car back to the ground- using the car jack.

7. Tighten Lug Nuts Completely- With the car back on the ground, you can now tighten the lug nuts. Rather than tightening them one by one in order, start with one lug nut, tighten it about 50%, move to the opposite nut (across the circle) and tighten that one about the same amount. Keep tightening opposite lug nuts gradually in turn until each lug nut is as tight as it can be.


And thats it! You’ve successfully changed your tire. Changing a tire is an important skill that many of us live without— we’re so glad all of our readers are prepared! 


Safe driving, thanks for reading!

HRC Insurance





Since the 1900's...

Born under the name George Hutcheson, Hutcheson, Reynolds & Caswell Ltd. began providing insurance policies in Muskoka since the early 1900s. Bernard Reynolds joined the firm in the 1940s and purchased the firm from George Hutcheson in 1967. Finally, in 1980, David Caswell joined the company's ranks to complete Hutcheson, Reynolds and Caswell. We have grown along with our name and provide the same dedication to superior customer service and top-notch insurance coverage that George Hutcheson was famous for over 100 years ago.